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The Church in God's Unfolding Plan of Redemption

January 23, 2022 Speaker: Dr. Dave Berry Series: Ekklesia

Topic: Prophesy, New Covenant, Covenant, Church Scripture: Luke 22:14–22:20, Galatians 3:10–3:29, Jeremiah 31:31–31:33, Ezekiel 36:25–36:27

  1. What does Jesus mean by “New Covenant?” (Luke 22:20)
    1. Divine Covenants
      • Adam
      • Noah
      • Abraham
      • Moses/Israel
      • David
      • Jesus
    2. What you must know about Divine Covenants
      • Divine covenant is the only way to relate to, and be right with, God.
      • God makes the covenant through His chose human mediator stylized as a royal son.
      • The first 5 divine covenants are successive in time and prophetic in nature.
      • Jesus’ New Covenant completes and fulfills all the previous covenants.
      • Jesus’ New Covenant is now the only way to be right with God, forever. There won’t be any additional covenants after Jesus’ New Covenant. Neither is God going to reverse redemptive history and restart a previous covenant Jesus has already fulfilled.
      • The church, as bride of Christ, is the climax and purpose of redemptive history and will go on forever. Every OT believer before the coming of Christ has now been brought into Jesus’ New Covenant Church (Matt 27:52).
  1. What Makes the New Covenant “new?” (Gal. 3:10-29; Jer. 31:31–33; Ezek. 36:25-27)
    1. Summary of the contrast between Israel’s Mosaic Covenant and Jesus’ New Covenant:
      • The New Covenant gives a new creation heart belonging to the next age (Jer. 31:33; Ezek. 36:26)
      • The New Covenant gives a new human spirit to delight in Father, Son, Holy Spirit (Jer. 33:34; Ezek. 36:25)
      • The New Covenant gives the permanent indwelling of God’s Holy Spirit (Ezek. 36:27)
      • The New Covenant permanently washes away sin, past, present, and future (Jer. 31:34; Ezek. 36:25)
      • The New Covenant gives delight and obedience from faith-filled hearts (Jer. 31:33; Ezek. 36:27)
      • The New Covenant is filled with regenerate believers, unlike the Old Covenant mixed with believers and unbelievers (Jer. 31:34)
      • The New Covenant will exist forever, which is why the OT prophets variously referred to Jesus’ gospel work as the “new everlasting covenant of peace” (Jer. 31:34)
  1. What is the Church? (Luke 22:20)